The property tax is a tax on the ownership of land (control substance). Tax base for the property tax is usually the value of the land. In many countries, the tax rate is set at the local level. Many provinces levy a property tax, the amount of which depends on the value and use of land. This is the main source of income for most local governments in Canada. The tax rate varies between municipalities, but most of the survey base, evaluation procedures, etc. is determined by provincial law according to Corporate Housing in Washington DC.
Increasingly a standard market value is used, which is adapted in different cycles. Some provinces provide for an annual adjustment in front, in the event that the property market is particularly volatile, while others may have longer times to elapse between revaluations.
The property tax is payable in some municipalities: to the residents of the house and the owner of the house. Tenants of housing only pay the portion that accumulates on the residents. In recent years, increases in the taxation of over 10% in some municipalities were cause for concern. In 2005, there was a bill in Parliament that only the part of the owner should be maintained, and that this is not likely to rise faster than inflation.
The fair value of the leasehold is calculated using the valuation standards, basically on the building property value or alternatively capitalized value of the building and the land value portion of the leaseholder as part of Corporate Housing in Washington DC.
Mortgage lending value
Leaseholds are rights and can be mortgaged as such. Leaseholds may therefore be mortgaged then when repayment of the loan is at least 10 years before the end of the ground lease. Furthermore, it must be ensured that the scheduled repayment of the loan does not exceed the accounting depreciation of the building according to economic criteria.
The evaluation is carried out in recent times, usually by the method described in the valuation guidelines. Here, the ground lease is initially valued by the cost approach and the income approach as full ownership, ie the land and the buildings are valued as if there were no ground lease.
From the determined value, the following amounts shall be deducted: The discounted based on the value of land at the end of the ground lease. The discounted based on the value of the building, if it is not compensated, calculated using the income approach.
A reduction in value of at least 10% of the initial value for the general disadvantages and disabilities that brings the leasehold over the full property right. These disadvantages and disabilities must be assessed and taken into account, higher deductions can therefore be made.